Mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual

The experiments are selected to apply some concepts from strength of materials such as analysis of materials properties based on tension, compression, hardness, bending, direct shear, impact, torsion etc.: ME Read online Course Name. Caddell) Showing of 23 mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual messages. Analyze the micro structures of cast irons Study of the micro structures of non-ferrous alloys Metrology & mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Surface Engineering Lab Mechanics of Fluids & Hydraulic Machines Lab Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids Mechanics of Solids & Metallurgy Lab Microprocessors & Interfacing Lab Microprocessor Lab File-2 Microprocessors and Digital Signal Processing Lab MiddleWare Technology (MWT) Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab [For R09 & R07]. All Lab Manuals Pdf Files JNTU – JNTU Lab Manuals Pdf. This is one of over 2, courses on OCW. Nov 25,  · Mechanical Engineering UNIT - VII THIN CYLINDERS.

3. manual Pendulum Impact Testing System. Jntuh jntu Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids lab manual. ECE, Random Variables and Through C++. Here are also mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual included 9 laboratory exercises dedicated to topics from the teaching program in Physics I, i. Effect of welding parameters on weld bead by. MSE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR LABORATORY LIST OF EXPERIMENT 1. Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids.

e.W, Friction Stir Welding and Processing, ASM, MT WELDING METALLURGY LABORATORY L T P C 0 0 3 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Metrology & Surface Engineering Lab Mechanics of Fluids & mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Hydraulic Machines Lab Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids Mechanics of Solids & Metallurgy Lab Microprocessors & Interfacing Lab Microprocessor Lab Microprocessors and Digital Signal Processing Lab MiddleWare Technology (MWT) Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab [For R09 & R07]. MECH - Mechanics of Materials Lab Objective: To obtain a general understanding of strain gage technology and to successfully mount axial and transverse strain gages on a uniaxial test specimen. Calculate impact strength of a given specimen. for polymers, or on manufacturing procedures that favour preferential orientation, as for metals subjected to surface treatment such as milling and grinding. All Lab Manuals Pdf Files JNTU -JNTU Lab Manuals Pdf to download here are Listed Below please check [HOST] you can find the JNTU all Lab Manuals related to Engineering departments like ECE, CSE, MECH, EEE and CIVIL branches according to JNTU A Aerodynamics and Propulsion. University of Calicut Fourth Semester - Mechanical Engineering Code Subject Hours per week Marks L T P/D Interna l Sem End Sem-end duration-hours Credits EN09 A Engineering Maths IV 3 1 - 30 70 3 4 EN09 Environmental Science 2 1 - 30 70 3 3 ME09 Mechanics of Solids 4 1 - 30 70 3 5 ME09 Casting and Joining 3 1 - 30 70 3 4.

Some complementary topics are also presented such as using of measuring tools like digital slide calipers. Creep testing of materials (Lab-1) 5. Jntu Mechanics of Solids(MOS) Mech Notes and Pdf. Interactives PDF, links to JAVA apps. ME, Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machine Lab, Mechanics of Solids and Metallurgy Lab.

Related. mechanics stem from the great French mathematician Augustin Louis Cauchy (), originally educated as an engineer. All Lab Manuals Pdf Files JNTU -JNTU Lab Manuals Pdf to download here are Listed Below please check [HOST] you can mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual find the JNTU all Lab Manuals related to Engineering departments like ECE, CSE, MECH, EEE and CIVIL branches according to JNTU A Aerodynamics and Propulsion. Institute of Aeronautical Engineering (IARE), Hyderabad was established in , by a devoted group of eminent professionals and industrialists, having a long and outstanding experience in educational system with a mission Education for Liberation. No. Nov 05,  · Lab Manuals for mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Mechanics of Solids - MOS 1, Engineering Class handwritten notes, exam notes, previous year questions, PDF free download [HOST] works best with JavaScript, Update your browser or enable Javascript5/5(1). No.

JNTU World mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual JNTU WORLD Results, jntu fast Updates,, materials,lab manuals,question papers,jntua jntuk jntuh [HOST] for JNTU Hyderabad JNTU Kakinada A Jntu World For a World's Best Engineer Home. Welcome! 3. mechanics stem from the great French mathematician Augustin Louis Cauchy (), originally educated as an engineer.

Here are also included 9 laboratory exercises dedicated to topics from the teaching program in Physics I, i. Laboratory Manual General Physics Part I. The microscopes by far the most important tool of the metallurgist from both the scientific mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual and technical stand points.

Mechanical Engineering Semester-3 Syllabus Syllabus for: ME Mechanics of Solids ME Mechanics of Fluids ME Thermodyanmics ME Metallurgy and Materials Engineering ME Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Lab ME Computer Aided Machine Drawing Course Name: Mechanics of Solids Course No. Updates Via Whatsapp. J= (π ×D^4)/ This first equation can be rewritten in the form of angular displacement, modulus of rigidity and length of shaft and follow. This is one of over 2, courses on OCW. The Laboratory Manual is a reference manual for FDA personnel. All Lab Manuals Pdf Files JNTU – JNTU Lab Manuals Pdf. Lab Manuals.

, William F. Metallurgy Lab Manual Pdf Read/Download PDF - Vtu Electronic Circuits And Logic Design Lab Manual question papers PDF - Vtu. Ramesh In a first course on Mechanics of Solids one learns the stress distribution on slender Prof.

5/5. Theory In order to discuss the fundamentals of deformation, we introduce here two basic mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual concepts for the analysis of mechanical stability in solid mechanics: stress and strain. LAB MANUAL mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual () METALLOGRAPHY AND MATERIAL TESTING LABORATORY (10MEL37A/47B) 10MEL37A/10MEL47A – MT LAB III/IV Sem, ME. Mechanics of Fluids & Hydraulic Machines Lab Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids Mechanics of Solids & Metallurgy Lab Mobile Applications Development Microprocessors & Interfacing Lab Microprocessor Lab Microprocessors and Digital Signal Processing Lab MiddleWare Technology (MWT) Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab [For R09 & R07]. The student will perform tests on materials in tension, compression, torsion, bending, and impact.

METALLURGY & MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB MANUAL LIET mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual 40 METALLURGY & MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB MANUAL LIET 41 PROCEDURE:lzod test 1. Able to understand hardenability of steels by jominy end quench test. With the striking hammer mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual (pendulum) in safe test position, firmly hold the steel specimen in impact testing machine’s vice in such mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual away that the notch face the hammer and is half inside and half above the top surface. Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids lab manual Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Pg.

Dept. Tags ajntuworld jntu jnuth lab manuals. C++ Lab Manual Jntu >>>CLICK HERElab manuals. For example, Fig. Apparatus Required. Updates Via Whatsapp. MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB SYLLABUS Sl. Hareesh Tippur.

Institute of Aeronautical Engineering (IARE), Hyderabad was established in , by a devoted group of eminent professionals and industrialists, having a long and outstanding experience in educational system with a mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual mission Education for Liberation. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. METALLURGY & MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LABORATORY MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LABORATORY OBJECTIVE: In this laboratory, students have to perform tests on materials in tension, compression, torsion, bending, and impact. The microscopes by far the most important tool of the metallurgist from both the scientific and technical stand points. Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids lab manual. Impact testing of materials (Charpy Impact test) (Lab-2) 4.

Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids. Tech. It is possible to determine grain size & the size.

INTRODUCTION 2 techniques and applications related to the solid mechanics field. MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LABORATORY OBJECTIVE: In this laboratory, students will have the opportunity to apply loads to various materials under different equilibrium mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual conditions. Nov 03,  · Mechanics of Fluids & Hydraulic Machines Lab Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids Mechanics of Solids & Metallurgy Lab Mobile Applications Development Microprocessors & Interfacing Lab Microprocessor Lab Microprocessors and Digital Signal Processing Lab MiddleWare Technology (MWT) Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab .

METALLURGY & MATERIAL SCIENCE LABORATORY (A) MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the lab the mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual students should be able to 1 Understand the micro structures of pure metals, steels, cast irons, non-ferrous alloys and heat treated steels. CHAPTER 1 ENGINEERING MECHANICS I Verification of Lame’s mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Theorem: If three concurrent forces are in equilibrium, Lame’s theorem states that their magnitudes are proportional to the sine of the angle between the other forces. Download Solution Manual Metal Forming: Mechanics and Metallurgy (4th Ed.

2. for polymers, or on manufacturing procedures that favour preferential orientation, mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual as for metals subjected to surface treatment such as milling and grinding. MECH Mechanics-of-Materials Spring Laboratory Manual Volume - I Prof. Theory In order to discuss the fundamentals of deformation, we introduce here two basic concepts for the analysis of mechanical stability in solid mechanics: stress and strain.

Sep 02,  · Mechanics of Solids Lab Manual. ii ME L Materials Mechanics Laboratory CEE L Engineering Mechanics of Deformable Bodies Lab Spring Laboratory Manual This is a downloadable pdf file with all information needed for this course. mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual For conducting Izod test, a proper striker is to be fitted firmly to the bottom of the hammer with the help of the clamming piece. 1 Direct Tension Test 5 2 Torsion Test 12 Hardness Test 16 3 A) Brinell’s Hardness Test B) Rockwell Hardness Test 18 21 4 Test on Springs mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual 31 5 Compression Test on Cube 36 6 Impact Test 39 7 Punch Shear Test 44 Content Beyond Syllabus 8 9 Deflection of beams a) /5(3). Sep 02, · Mechanics of Solids Lab Manual. Mechanics of Solids Lab Manuals in pdf format.

Read More». MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. Arc striking practice. Principles of hardness testing comparison of different hardness techniques (Lab-2) 3. MECHANICS OF FLUIDS LABORATORY MANUAL [HOST] R15 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS & FLUIDS LAB II – I(AERONAUTICAL) 11 PROCEDURE: 1. Caddell) Showing of 23 messages. The microscope is thus the most important tool of a metallurgist from both, scientific & technical study point view. K.

Mechanics of Solids Lab Manuals in pdf format. These conditions and/or constraints are designed to reinforce classroom. MSE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR LABORATORY LIST OF EXPERIMENT 1.

Strength of Materials Laboratory Manual Prof. Procedure: 1. Download Mechanics of Solids Lab Manual for JNTUH, JNTUK, JNTUA Students. Internal Forces and Moments. It provides FDA personnel with information on internal procedures to be used as an agency policy for testing consumer products, training of laboratory staff, report writing, safety, research. Electrical and electronics engineering lab; metallurgy and mechanics of solids lab; production technolgy lab; mechanics of fluids and hydraulic machines lab; Metrology and machine tools lab; Thermal Engineering lab; Advanced English communication Skills lab; Heat Transfer Lab; Computer aided desgin and manufacturing lab. The student will perform tests on materials in tension, compression, torsion, bending, and impact.

C++ Lab mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Manual Jntu >>>CLICK HERElab manuals. Oct 27,  · MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB SYLLABUS Sl. Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids lab manual Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids. University of Calicut University of Calicut Scheme and Curriculum B. JNTU Lab Manuals – JNTUK, JNTUH & JNTUA Lab Notebook with Viva Questions.

Able to understand hardenability of steels by jominy end quench test. 2 Estimate the harden ability of steels by Jominy End Quench test. Therefore, from this tension test above said salient points can be calculated. Able to prepare and study the micro Structure of pure metals like iron, cu and Al.

Here you can download the free lecture Notes of Mechanics of Solids Pdf Notes mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual – MOS Pdf Notes materials with multiple file links to [HOST]ics of Solids Notes Pdf – MOS Notes Pdf book starts with the topics Elasticity and plasticity – Types of stresses & strains–Hooke’s law – stress – strain diagram for mild steel. 3. Hosford, Robert M.

Determination of the tensile properties of different class of materials (Lab-1) 2. Download Mechanics of Solids Lab Manual for JNTUH, JNTUK, JNTUA Students. Hosford, Robert M. The latching take for izod test is to be firmly fitted to the bearing housing at the. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual left. Principles of hardness testing comparison of different hardness techniques (Lab-2) 3. Great strides in the world of mechanics have been achieved only through keen experimental observations.

METALLURGY & MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LABORATORY MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LABORATORY OBJECTIVE: In this laboratory, students have to perform tests on materials in tension, compression, torsion, bending, and impact. METALLURGY & mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB MANUAL LIET 6 Introduction – Metallographic or microscopy consists of the microscopic study of the Structural characteristics of material or an alloy. Welcome to the exciting world of experimenting on the strength of materials. Analyze the micro structures of cast irons Study of the micro structures of non-ferrous alloys Practical importance: while designing a component, selection of metals for different applications is based on salient points such as limit of proportionality or elastic limit, yield strength, ultimate strength, and breaking strength. Parmar R S, Welding Engineering and Technology, Khanna Publishers, 5. Receive lecture material on the basics of resistance strain gages. METALLURGICAL LAB PRACTICE Aim: To study about the metallurgical lab practice.

2. Ramesh AM Strength of Materials Laboratory Course Material, IIT Madras- 3 General Guidelines • Please read the details of the experiment given in the thoroughly before you booklet. These conditions and/or constraints are designed to. Access study documents, get answers to your study questions, and connect with real tutors for MAAE Mechanics of Solids I at Carleton University. Able to prepare and study the micro Structure of pure metals like iron, cu and Al. M.

These conditions and/or constraints are designed to reinforce classroom. 1 Direct Tension Test 5 2 Torsion Test 12 Hardness Test 16 3 A) Brinell’s Hardness Test B) Rockwell Hardness Test 18 21 4 Test on Springs 31 5 Compression Test on Cube 36 6 Impact Test 39 7 Punch Shear Test 44 Content Beyond Syllabus 8 9 Deflection of beams a) Cantilever b.. CHAPTER 1 ENGINEERING MECHANICS I Verification of Lame’s Theorem: If three concurrent forces are in equilibrium, Lame’s theorem states that their magnitudes are proportional to the sine of the angle between the other forces.

Full Text PDF format. mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Cprogramming and Data Structures 1st year Question papers ;. R.

Mechanics of Fluids & Hydraulic Machines Lab Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids Mechanics of Solids & Metallurgy Lab Mobile Applications Development Microprocessors & Interfacing Lab Microprocessor Lab Microprocessors and Digital mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Signal Processing Lab MiddleWare Technology (MWT) Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab [For R09 & R07]. It provides FDA personnel with information on internal procedures to be used as an agency policy for testing consumer products, training of laboratory staff, report writing, safety, research, review of. These conditions and/or constraints are designed to.

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS R16 Regulation [HOST] JNTUK-kakinada Old question papers previous question papers download MECHANICS OF SOLIDS,R16 Regulation, [HOST], JNTUK,OLD Question papers, Previous,Question, papers, download, R16, R13, R10, R Electrical and electronics engineering lab; metallurgy and mechanics of solids lab; production technolgy lab; mechanics of fluids and hydraulic machines lab; Metrology and machine tools lab; Thermal Engineering lab; Advanced English communication Skills lab; Heat Transfer Lab; Computer aided desgin and manufacturing lab.e. Table 1: List of equipments used in MECH mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual laboratory MECH - Mechanics of Materials Lab Objective. Mishra. ’In he formalized the stress concept in the context of a general three-dimensional theory, showed its properties mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual as consisting of a 3 by 3 symmetric array of numbers that transform as a tensor, derived the equations. mechanics of solids and fluids. Skip to content Download Mechanical Testing Brochure PDF ft-lb.

Impact testing of materials (Charpy Impact test) (Lab-2) 4. This Manual is specially prepared for JNTU Hyderabad, JNTU Kakinada & JNTU Anantapur Students. Dec 20,  · Lab Manual for Strength Of Materials; Lab Manual for Fluid Mechanics; Lab Manual for Kinematics of mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Machines; Lab Manual for Steam and Power Generation 12 (13) January (11) July (1) September (1) .

R15 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS & FLUIDS LAB II – I(AERONAUTICAL) 7 (R15A) MECHANICS OF SOLIDS AND MECHANICS OF FLUIDS LAB Objectives: • To supplement the theoretical knowledge gained in mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Mechanics of Solids with practical testing for determining the strength of materials under externally applied loads.:ME Read online Course Name: Mechanics of . [HOST] – IISem(R13) – Reg.

Theory: Metallography consists of the microscopic study of the structural characteristics of metal or an alloy. mechanics of solids and fluids. Static Equilibrium Force and Moment. Some complementary topics mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual are also presented such as using of measuring tools like digital slide calipers.

Mechanics of Materials Labs mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual with SolidWorks Simulation by Huei-Huang Lee About This Book. ME, Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machine Lab, Mechanics of Solids and Metallurgy Lab. of ME, while designing a component, selection of metals for different applications is based on salient points such as limit of proportionality or elastic limit. Metallurgy & Mechanics of Solids lab manual. Related.ii ME L Materials Mechanics Laboratory CEE L Engineering Mechanics of Deformable Bodies Lab Spring Laboratory Manual This is a downloadable pdf file with all information needed for this course. Oct 02,  · Here you can download the free lecture Notes of Mechanics of Solids Pdf mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual Notes – MOS Pdf Notes materials with multiple file links to [HOST]ics of Solids Notes Pdf – MOS Notes Pdf book starts with the topics Elasticity and plasticity – Types of stresses & strains–Hooke’s law – stress – strain diagram for mild steel.

Read More». Introduction. Welcome!, William F. Mechanics of solids Lab Manual This Laboratory manual can be used by all the faculty member of different engineering colleges to prepare their own laboratory manuals, or for explaining various civil engineering concepts to the students. No enrollment or registration.

This Manual is specially prepared for JNTU Hyderabad, JNTU Kakinada & JNTU Anantapur Students. People seeking this manual can easily download it from here. ECE, Random Variables and Through C++. Don't show me this again. 1st year. Bead-on-plate welding 3.

People seeking this manual can easily download it from here. MOS Lab manual in pdf. MECHANICS OF SOLIDS Lab Manual Pdf - MS Lab manual pdf file Please download the MECHANICS OF SOLIDS Lab Manual Pdf - MS Lab manual pdf file in the below pro. Determination of the tensile properties of different class of materials (Lab-1) 2. 2 Estimate the harden ability of steels by Jominy End Quench test.S and Mahoney. Regulations) Mechanics of Solids & Metallurgy Lab Metallurgical & Welding Experts. Creep testing of materials (Lab-1) 5.

1. Calculate impact strength of a given specimen. - Mechanical Engineering ME09 Metallurgy & Material Science 3 1 - 30 70 3 4 ME09 (P) Electrical Engineering Lab - - 3 50 50 3 2 ME09 ME09 Advanced Mechanics of Solids 3 1 - 30 70 3 4 mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual ME09 Engineering Economics and Principles of Management. Theory: Metallography consists of the microscopic study of the structural characteristics of metal or an alloy. K. Tags ajntuworld jntu jnuth lab manuals.JNTU World JNTU WORLD Results, jntu fast Updates,, materials,lab manuals,question papers,jntua jntuk jntuh [HOST] for JNTU Hyderabad JNTU Kakinada A Jntu World For a World's Best Engineer Home.

MECHANICS OF SOLID LAB Page | 4 DEPARTMENT OF mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Fig Schematic showing the necking behavior in a metal Formulae A measure of the ductility of a material is the magnitude of the plastic strain at fracture. Don't show me this again. Laboratory Manual General Physics Part I. METALLURGY & MATERIAL SCIENCE LABORATORY (A) MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LAB mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the lab the students should be able to 1 Understand the micro structures of pure metals, steels, cast irons, non-ferrous alloys and heat treated steels. Section Title. (a) shows three.

Real Tools & Data. Mechanics of solids Lab Manual This Laboratory manual can be used by all the faculty member of different engineering colleges to prepare their own laboratory manuals, or for explaining various civil engineering concepts to the students. No. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Pg.

No. JNTU Lab Manuals – JNTUK, JNTUH & JNTUA Lab Notebook with Viva Questions The Laboratory Manual is a reference manual for FDA personnel. J= (π ×D^4)/ This first equation can be rewritten in the form of angular displacement, modulus of rigidity and length of shaft and follow. This book is designed as a software-based lab book to complement a standard textbook in a Mechanics of Material course, which is usually taught in junior undergraduate years.

’In he formalized the stress concept in the context of a general three-dimensional theory, showed its properties as consisting of a 3 by 3 symmetric array of numbers that transform as a tensor, derived the equations. Translating experimental observations to meaningful aspect of analytical understanding is not a simple task. Metallurgy Lab Manual Pdf Jntu Btech , CSE R10 Study materials,Textbooks and Lab manuals. CONTENTS 1. MOS Lab manual in pdf. MECHANICS OF SOLIDS LABORATORY OBJECTIVE: In this laboratory, students will have the opportunity to apply loads to various materials under different equilibrium conditions.

Download Solution Manual Metal Forming: Mechanics and Metallurgy (4th Ed.:ME Read online Course Name: Mechanics of Fluids Course No. Jul 10, 0 Previous.

4. METALLURGICAL mechanics of solids & metallurgy lab manual LAB PRACTICE Aim: To study about the metallurgical lab practice. Lab Manuals for Mechanics of Solids - MOS 1, Engineering Class handwritten notes, exam notes, previous year questions, PDF free download [HOST] works best with JavaScript, Update your browser or enable Javascript. [HOST] – IISem(R13) – Reg.

2. Lab Manual ֎ Department of Architecture (ARCH) ֎ Department of Civil Engineering (CE) ֎ Department of Computer Science & Engineering (CSE) ֎ Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering (EEE) ֎ Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering (MPE) ֎ Department of. 2. Mechanical Engineering Semester-3 Syllabus Syllabus for: ME Mechanics of Solids ME Mechanics of Fluids ME Thermodyanmics ME Metallurgy and Materials Engineering ME Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Lab ME Computer Aided Machine Drawing Course Name: Mechanics of Solids Course No.

The experiments are selected to apply some concepts from strength of materials such as analysis of materials properties based on tension, compression, hardness, bending, direct shear, impact, torsion etc. 1st year.


Comments are closed.